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Human rights, democracy and the rule of law are among the fundamental values of the European Union, enforced and protected within the EU as well as in third countries and international organisations. Human rights are enshrined in the Treaty on the European Union and reinforced in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.


The EU perceives human rights as universal and indivisible; within and outside theUnion everyone has the same political, civil, economic, social and cultural rights. The importance of human rights in EU internal and external action is reflected in numerous institutions and instruments, with the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and the European Ombudsman being among the most important.


In 2012, the EU adopted the Strategic Framework for Human Rights and Democracy, which is an important contribution to implementing international commitments and values related to human rights in its common foreign and security policy. Two important mechanisms for EU external action are the Special Representative for Human Rights and the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights.


Slovenia, like many other EU member states, participates in drafting EU foreign policy on human rights within the Council of Europe's Working Party on Human Rights (COHOM). In accordance with its foreign policy priorities, Slovenia – together with other member states and in line with EU policies – formulates joint positions on particular issues in the area of human rights in third countries and international organisations. The EU implements this policy on the basis of EU guidelines, in dialogue and consultation with third countries, by binding human rights to other segments of foreign policy and through its activity in international forums, primarily the UN Human Rights Council and the Third Committee of the UN General Assembly.


The EU has issued numerous guidelines on human rights: