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ORGANISATION FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), with 57 participating States, is the largest regional international organisation. The OSCE is a primary instrument for early warning, conflict prevention, post-conflict reconstruction, and crisis management in the region. 

 

Ensuring security by the OSCE is based on co-operation and a holistic approach to the problems that it faces. Priority activities of the OSCE include:

  • Strengthening common values of the participating States and building democratic societies based on the rule of law;
  • Prevention of local conflicts, stabilization and establishment of peace in conflict areas;
  • Facing security threats and preventing new political, economic, and social differences.

The OSCE is based on the Helsinki Final Act, a fundamental document defining commitments in politico-military, economic-environmental, and humanitarian areas.
 

The main tasks of the Organization: confidence and security-building measures, early warning, preventive diplomacy, conflict prevention, post-conflict reconstruction, protection of human rights, arms control, confidence- and security- building measures, strengthening civil society, democratization, institution building, election observation, establishing judicial systems, police training, and the fight against terrorism, organized crime, and trafficking in human beings.
 

The OSCE participating States: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Holy See, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States of America, and Uzbekistan.
 

The OSCE has established partner relations with six Mediterranean countries- Mediterranean Partners for Co-operation (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia) and five Asian countries: Asian Partners for Co-operation (Afghanistan, Japan, Australia, South Korea, and Thailand).


In implementing its activities and fulfilling its objectives, the OSCE cooperates intensively with other international organizations, such as the UN, Council of Europe, EU, and NATO.