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CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS

In the field of conventional arms, Slovenia takes an active part in the fight against anti-personnel mines.


On 3 December 1997, Slovenia signed the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention), and ratified it on 27 October 1998. In 1998, the Slovenian Government established the International Trust Fund for Demining and Mine Victims Assistance (ITF), which has developed into one of the most useful and valuable projects implemented by the Slovenian Government; it is financed through Government’s regular annual donations and the financial assistance of the international community.


Slovenia is a Party to all five protocols of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW). Slovenia is, furthermore, one of the 31 countries advocating the adoption of a protocol on mines other than anti-personnel mines (MOTAPM). In November 2006, Slovenia joined the activities to limit the use of cluster munitions. At the Third CCW Review Conference, Slovenia joined Austria’s and Sweden’s initiative; it also participated in the Conference on Cluster Munitions in Oslo and signed the final declaration.

 

At the Diplomatic Conference for the Adoption of a Convention on Cluster Munitions, held in Dublin in May 2008, 111 countries adopted the text of a new convention prohibiting the use, production, transfer and stockpiling of cluster munitions, and obliging States Parties to destroy stockpiles and clear cluster munition remnants, provide victim assistance, and ensure transparency; the convention was open for signature in Oslo on 3 December 2008.


As regards small arms and light weapons (SALW), Slovenia is focused on national measures and international activities. In the field of light weapons, regular inter-ministerial coordination has been established at the national level. In March 2003, the UN-OSCE Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects in South Eastern Europe was held in Slovenia. At the international level, Slovenia actively supports various initiatives and instruments, and implements measures of the EU, the UN, the OSCE, NATO and export control regimes (Wassenaar Arrangement). At the Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects held in July 2001, an action programme was adopted, which defines measures for an effective control over and the prevention of the illicit trade in SALW.


At the Plenary Meeting of the Wassenaar Arrangement (WA) in December 2004, Slovenia became a WA Participating State, and formally acceded to the arrangement in February 2005. The Wassenaar Arrangement has been established to contribute to regional and international security and stability, promote transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods, and improve international control regimes for preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. As part of its integration into the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy, Slovenia joined the EU Code of Conduct on Arms Exports (adopted in 1998), defining common criteria for export policies and control.
 

For more information on the EU Code of Conduct, click here.

 

Slovenia also supports other international weapons control mechanisms, such as the UN Register of Conventional Arms.