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The end of the Cold War reduced the threat of a world war in Europe and increased the threat of regional confrontations, particularly in the area of South Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia.


Nowadays, terrorism is increasingly considered a threat to national security. The terrorist attacks in the United States and elsewhere gave rise to mechanisms of national and collective security.


Since the very beginning, the Republic of Slovenia has participated in the international counter-terrorism coalition with substantive contributions, and has supported counter-terrorism initiatives and measures put forward by international forums. Its support for and implementation of measures, adopted within the UN, the EU, NATO, the OSCE and the Council of Europe, unambiguously and firmly place Slovenia in the antiterrorist camp. UN Security Council resolutions and the European Union Counter-Terrorism Strategy are among the most important binding documents that define Slovenia’s measures.


In response to new security challenges, the Republic of Slovenia has become actively involved in different international organisations and forums, such as the UN, the EU, the EAPC and the OSCE; furthermore, the country has developed effective policies on arms control, the prevention of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, small arms and light weapons, the fight against organised crime and terrorism, etc. Slovenia is also an active contributor to military and civilian components of peacekeeping operations.


Interventions in the increasingly complex security environment can only be successful if they are made by more and more elaborate mechanisms which pursue a ‘holistic approach’ to conflict settlement. The latter requires a more extensive cooperation between the ministries of foreign affairs, defence, the interior, health, justice and others.


Participation in international operations and missions is an integral part of the comprehensive provision of security, international peace and stability, promotion of democracy, the rule of law and human rights. With a view to upgrading the successful participation in international operations and missions, the Slovenian Government adopted, in November 2009, the Strategy of the Participation of the Republic of Slovenia in International Operations and Missions (entry into force on 13 March 2010). The Strategy is aimed at defining Slovenia’s interests, values and notions, ensuring sensible development of a comprehensive set of capabilities, upgrading the process of decision-making and enhancing transparency and the public debate on the participation in international operations and missions.


Slovenia’s active involvement in the work of the OSCE confirms the country’s role in preventive diplomacy, conflict settlement and post-conflict rehabilitation (Charter for European Security). Slovenia devotes special attention to enhancing confidence and stability in the security dimension (Vienna Document 1999, OSCE Document on Small Arms and Light Weapons, etc.), and human rights and democratisation in the human dimension (ODIHR). The OSCE economic and environmental dimension is also constantly gaining importance.


The Treaty on Open Skies, to which Slovenia is a State Party, is another significant element of transparency and confidence building in the Euro-Atlantic area; the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) remains the basis for security in Europe. On several occasions, Slovenia has expressed its interest in acceding to the Adapted CFE Treaty once it has entered into force.