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The European Union provides targeted financial assistance to candidate countries, potential candidate countries and partner states in support of their efforts to speed up political, economic and institutional reforms. Twinning is one of the mechanisms that enable the implementation of the said assistance and a crucial instrument for the development of administrative capacity of beneficiary countries. Twinning projects can also be implemented in the new Member States, in the form of provisional assistance in the first years of membership.

EU Member States on the one hand and beneficiary countries on the other are involved as partners in Twinning projects. Institutions and experts participating in the implementation of Twinning projects thus act on behalf of an EU Member State which implements a certain project as a contracting partner in a given Beneficiary Country.

A Member State can submit a proposal for the implementation of a project alone or as a partner in a consortium with one or more Member States, depending on the scope of the project. In the latter case, one partner state has the leading role in the project and takes over its formal management, while the other partner state contributes its experts and carries out the agreed part of the project activities.

Only public administrations and mandated bodies approved by the European Commission can implement the Twinning projects on behalf of a Member State, provided that they fulfil the following cumulative qualifying criteria:

1) proven competence in a field of the EU acquis or the Twinning project fiche’s relevant field of administrative cooperation,
2) non-profit structure, non-commercial business purpose,
3) public ownership,
4) under the permanent and structural supervision of a government authority, and
5) a sufficient and proportionate level of permanent staff.

As a rule, only experts from the public sector who can prove their operative experience in the field addressed by the given project fiche can participate in the implementation of Twinning projects. One or more experts are to be seconded to the Beneficiary Country for the entire duration of the project implementation (so-called RTAs – Resident Twinning Advisers), while experts for particular areas are required for shorter consultations.

More about Twinning projects:

EU rules governing the implementation of Twinning projects

Slovenian rules governing the implementation of Twinning projects


Current per diem rates (since 15.7.2013, for Libanon is 260€)

Ongoing calls for proposals

National Contact Point for Institution Building / Twinning projects

Archive of documents

Link to Directorate-General for Enlargement






Maja Dimkovski Engelman
t: +386 1 478 24 55
f: +386 1 478 21 44
e: maja.dimkovski-engelman(at)





(Last change: 31 July 2012)